What is meditation?
Meditation is conscious thinking in mind about events of past and present to find the cause of effects perceived by five senses. Thinking with perfect sense of Time and Place (or Space) is called Chintan..
In Yoga Meditation one studies his/her body, mind and Egos or conscious Self. The subject and the object of study is one and same- viz., one's own Self.
Yoga meditation starts with the 4th step of Pranayama and ends on reaching the 8th step of Samadhi. Pratyahara, Dharana and Dhyana are middle three steps and different zones of mind. The English word meditation is also used for following Sanskrit words by different teachers.
Samadhi (also translated as meditation). Samadhi is last step in meditation where the relationship of body and spirit (soul) are studied with consciousness of universal time and space.
- Akagrata(also called meditation). When one thinks about only one particular object, it is called one pointed thinking. In Akagrata one gives priorities for an object or a subject or a plan.
- Dhayana (also translated as meditation). This is the 7th step of Yoga teaching to do only one activity with fullest attention at one time. Don’t tie shoe lace and read the news paper at the same time. All thoughts and actions are directed for one activity alone. Dhyana is a higher state of consciousness and awareness of mind. It brings perfect results in all high skilled jobs. Looking at a fixed target for hitting a perfect shot with an arrow or a gun is Dhayan. Arjuna seeing only bird’s eye in Mahabharat story. Recent well known example of Dhyan is of Alexander Flemming - the inventor of penicillin. When he was deeply engrossed in his research work in London, he could not hear loud sounds of sirens warning air attacks. Dhyana is neither Chintan nor meditation.